Muscular Dystrophy (MD) encompasses an entire group of more than 30 inherited disorders split into 9 major types, all of which cause the loss of skeletal muscle tissue and accompanying muscle weakness. MD is a degenerative-genetic disorder and may begin to develop as early as infancy and in other cases doesn’t present itself until later in adulthood. Specific signs and symptoms of MS can vary depending on the type. Muscular Dystrophy itself does not typically cause severe pain; however, secondary Chronic pain associated with the disorders is estimated to affect two-thirds of the sufferers. Pain is caused by muscle cramps or spasms as well as stiff joints, pressure sores and muscle twitches. MD is often treated with prescription opiates which produce a number of negative side effects of their own. Often times MD patients turn to medical cannabis as a more natural form of pain relief
Medical Cannabis and Muscular Dystrophy
Studies have shown that cannabis can be used to treat the common symptoms of MD like pain and stiffness. Cannabinoids (specifically THC and CBD) have been shown to reduce neuropathic pain and inflammation. Indica dominant strains, especially those high in CBD, are excellent at relieving pain and muscle spasticity while edibles/drinks can provide excellent body pain relief. Additionally topical creams can be used to treat joint stiffness and muscle spasms. Patients with MD should be careful with sativa strains as they can be too stimulating.