One of the most valuable words in the medical cannabis glossary, that all patients need to understand, is cannabinoid. Cannabinoids, like THC, CBD and CBG, are organic chemical compounds that, with terpenes, makeup the building blocks of the cannabis plant. Translating into medicinally valuable relief, cannabinoids have been successfully used in the treatment of conditions such as cancer, seizures, and Parkinson’s disease and symptoms such as inflammation, pain and nausea.

Cannabis cannabinoids provide such medical efficacy to humans because they mimic our own naturally produced endocannabinoids, and bind to the same receptors, located throughout the brain and body. The human endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating many different body systems, including pain, memory, mood and appetite. The unique ability of cannabis cannabinoids to be able to communicate with the human body in the same manner that it communicates with itself makes it an ideal medicine for humans.

Below is a summary of the most common cannabinoids and their treatment effects for some of the related medical conditions associated with medical cannabis.

THC Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that THC is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which THC is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  • Cancer
  • Chronic post-operative pain
  • Fibromyalgia

CBD (Cannabidiol) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBD is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBD is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Cancer
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Chronic post-operative pain

CBN (Cannabinol) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBN is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBN is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Chronic Post-Operative Pain

CBG (Cannabigerol) Effects & Benefits

CBG Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBG is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBG is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Glaucoma
  • Cancer
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Irritable bowel syndrome

CBC (Cannabichromene) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBC is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBC is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Neuropathy
  • Chronic post-operative pain

THCA (Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid) Effects & Benefits

THCA is an effective neuroprotectant, so it is beneficial in the treatment of such conditions as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease. It can also help to stimulate the appetite in patients suffering from cachexia and anorexia nervosa. Most impressively, research shows that THC-A helps to slow the proliferation of cancerous cells.

Research has shown that THCA is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which THCA is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Cancer
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Cachexia

CBDV (Cannabidivarin ) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBDV is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBDV is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Seizures
  • Crohn’s
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Multiple Sclerosis

CBDA (Cannabidiolic-acid) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that CBDA is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBDA is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • Cancer
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Osteoarthritis
  • HIV/AIDS

THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) Effects & Benefits

Research has shown that THCV is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which THCV is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:

  • PTSD
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Seizures (including epilepsy)
  • Alzheimer’s disease